Change of Earth orbit because the sun gradually releases more energy
The sun's energy output has been rising since its inception 4.6 billion years ago. This increase will be critical for life on Earth in the next half-billion years. Although there is scientific agreement on this increase in energy, there are still no concrete plans for protecting life on Earth.
The solution is to adjust Earth's orbit to the increasing energy output of the Sun so that the amount of energy received by the Sun remains the same.
This work shows that the scientific knowledge of mankind and the technical possibilities of humanity already available in the first attempts are sufficient to solve this problem.
Production of the system for shifting the orbit, energy supply and reaction mass supply lead to constraints, which clearly set the road to realization.
This problem-driven approach results in a list of key capabilities of humanity necessary for its implementation.
What can humanity do, for what is humanity confident in doing? There is hardly a bigger difference than between these two questions. What mankind trusts itself can be seen in the numbers used in the Drake equation for “L life of a technical civilization in years.” Only 304 to 100 million years are assumed.
At the moment there is an overwhelming pessimism, which considers humankind as a pest and estimates them even for less than 304 years of survival.
Expressing this pessimism, this self-contempt, this self-flagellation ranges from “Nature does not need man” to “Healthy planets have no humans”. There are frightening parallels to the medieval flagellantism, which has praised itself as a cure for the plague.
Which topic would be best suited for the argumentation “Nature needs man” and “Healthy planets need humans”? A topic where, without highly technical human civilization, only an inhospitable, hot and lifeless Earth orbits around the sun, whereas a civilization preserves life on Earth?
There is no better subject than this, that humanity, because of its technical and scientific abilities, can not only achieve much more, but has to, and a highly technical human civilization is very useful for life on earth.
During my first research before submitting the topic, I noticed a great lack of studies on it. About every 6,000 years, an object with 1019 kg weight passes close to earth, the Moon may be lost and not a word about how this object could be motivated to fly on this trajectory.
At all of this outstanding scientific achievements of mankind, why is there not anything really useful about on this theme?
I hypothesize, that there are mental barriers to imagine that our civilization could still be here in six billion years.
I have documented each formula used, there is nothing that you could not calculate with one of the usual in classroom pocket-calculator. Which supercomputers were used to create predictions for the Sun over the next some billion years? How many physicists have contributed to making such highly complex simulations possible? So much effort for the prognosis and in extreme contrast to this, so little for the question “How do we survive the predicted conditions?”
I used to be fascinated how archeologists and paleontologists reconstruct entire stories from finds. Now I sat in front of several spreadsheets and the future of humanity evolved in front of me: step by step, each with compelling logical decisions.
Moon Industrial Zone, Equator Linear Motor Launch and landing system for spaceships around the Moon, gather reaction mass in orbit around Jupiter. In March 2018, when I searched for this possibility for material, YouTube suddenly brought a video suggestion: “Air Breathing Ion Thrusters & Low Orbit Satellites”. Just as I was looking for material on this topic, there had been in a laboratory first tests for initial approaches to this technique.
This repeated itself in February 2019, when I wrote the chapter on collision protection, the video suggestion “Scientists Figure Out Why Uranus Spins on One Side” brought new material. A system that actively supports the search for knowledge.
With all the scientific and technical articles I've found while creating this work, I'm sure humanity has the technical scientific potential to do it, all we have to do is overcome the mental barriers of acting together as humanity and to create long-term goals.
I hope to be able to experience the big spectacle when the first prototype of a pull ship is built together in Earth orbit.